Charlie Hebdo: France marks five years since Paris massacre

By Mark     General

A wreath of flowers outside Charlie Hebdo's former offices in Paris on the fifth anniversary of the attack on the satirical magazine that killed 12 people, 7 January 2020Image copyrightGETTY IMAGES

Image captionFlowers were placed outside the magazine's former Paris office reading: "Team Charlie Hebdo"

France is marking the fifth anniversary of a deadly attack on the satirical magazine Charlie Hebdo with street ceremonies and social media tributes.

The hashtag #JeSuisCharlie (I am Charlie) was trending as thousands posted messages honouring the victims.

The hashtag #JeSuisCharlie (I am Charlie) was trending as thousands posted messages honouring the victims.

On 7 January 2015, militant Islamists shot dead 11 people in the magazine's Paris office, before murdering a policeman outside.

It was the beginning of a wave of jihadist attacks across France.

On Tuesday, former French President François Hollande, Paris Mayor Anne Hidalgo and Justice Minister Nicole Belloubet were among those to pay their respects to the victims outside Charlie Hebdo's former offices in the capital.

Former French President François Hollande, Paris mayor Anne Hidalgo and Justice Minister Nicole Belloubet pay their respects outside the former offices of Charlie Hebdo in Paris, 7 January 2020Image copyrightGETTY IMAGES

Image captionA ceremony in Paris was attended by former French President François Hollande

Several tributes took place, including readings of commemorative plaques, wreath-laying and a minute's silence.

The weekly magazine, which published a special issue marking the anniversary with contributions from the victims' relatives, tweeted: "It was five years ago, it was a century ago, it was yesterday. We do not forget and we will always continue: to speak, to write, to draw."

Charlie Hebdo coverImage copyrightEPA

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The message on the cover of the latest issue reads: "New censorship... new dictatorship."

One of the images shared by many on Twitter was a mural by street artist Christian Guémy, which depicts the faces of the Charlie Hebdo editorial staff and others who were shot in the magazine's office five years ago.

Artwork by French street artist Christian Guemy (aka "C215") depicting members of satirical magazine Charlie Hebdo painted on a facade near the magazine's offices at Rue Nicolas Appert, 7 January 2020Image copyrightGETTY IMAGES

Image captionThe mural is painted on a wall near the magazine's offices on Rue Nicolas-Appert

The French magazine's editor at the time, Stéphane Charbonnier, was among four cartoonists killed. Sketches and photos featuring Charbonnier, known as "Charb" - who was 47 when he died - were shared on social media.

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Noder@cyrilrtour

#Charb #CharlieHebdo #JeSuisCharlie

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Philosopher Vincent Cespedes wondered what Charb would have made of the "fiasco" of the aftermath of the attacks. No lessons had been learned and divisions were deeper, he complained.

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Vincent Cespedes@VincentCespedes

Replying to @VincentCespedes

[...] Souvent, je me demande ce qu’aurait pensé #Charb de ce fiasco d’après-attentats. Humaniste, communiste, on chantait l’« Internationale » à son enterrement... Qu’aurait-il dit de ces milliers de Français qui n’ont versé aucune larme, n’ont exprimé aucune compassion ? 👇

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Others shared images of support, showing crowds of people brandishing the French tricolour flag and banners reading: "Je Suis Charlie"

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didier❌🌈@hirodid

#CharlieHebdo Forever.

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Flowers were also placed outside a kosher grocery store in a suburb of the capital, which was targeted in the aftermath of the assault on Charlie Hebdo.

A jihadist gunman killed three customers and an employee at the Hyper Cacher supermarket in Porte de Vincennes in the east of Paris.

The Hyper Cacher grocery store in a Paris suburb, 7 January 2020Image copyrightEPA

Image captionThe Hyper Cacher supermarket, where a gunman killed four people in January 2015

The Representative Council of Jewish Institutions in France (Crif) has organised a separate ceremony for the victims of the Hyper Cacher supermarket, which is scheduled for Thursday evening.

Three police officers were among the 17 victims of the gunmen on 7-9 January.

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Christophe Castaner@CCastaner

À la mémoire du lieutenant de police Ahmed Merabet assassiné en ce lieu le 7 janvier 2015, victime du terrorisme dans l’accomplissement de son devoir.

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In the days following the 2015 attacks, millions of people took part in unity marches across France, linking arms in an act of solidarity.

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More on Charlie Hebdo and the French attacks:

Media captionA tribute to those killed - in 60 seconds